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Knee Surgery: Reasons and Types of Surgical Procedures

5Knee surgery is a complex procedure used to treat violent knee pain in certain patients. Only particular injuries call for this measure, usually in cases when less radical treatments fail to produce any positive results. If you’re advised to do the surgery, more often than not this means there are no other, less stressful solutions to your problem.

Why Knee Surgery May Be Necessary

Part of the human body that we call a knee is in fact a highly complex formation. It is made of several ligaments and many supporting structures and tissues that ensure incredible knee joint mobility. Unfortunately, given the complexity of the joint and its exposure to high workloads and severe stress, knee injuries and various other defects are very common among people of various ages.

Knee surgery is a special operation designed to repair or completely remove parts of the damaged tissues. The most radical surgery type is called arthroplasty. It is essentially a surgery when the whole knee joint is replaced by a high-tech artificial analogue. Fortunately, such radical measures are less frequent than other types of invasives.

Not every trauma or joint’s wear and tear calls for invasive measures. Yet, the majority of tissues within a knee need very long time to restore any damage sustained and the required limitation of the joint’s exposure to stress is extremely hard to achieve in normal living conditions. That’s why there is a whole array of joint injuries and defects that may require knee surgery.

Some of the common operative measures are listed below:

Meniscus Surgery

Meniscus plays a huge role in ensuring knee joint mobility and structural integrity. It is a flexible tissue located in the joint’s cavity that absorbs much of the shock and tension stress. Meniscus is a gentle tissue that can undergo negative structural changes when the amount of stress or workload gets excessive. Parts of the cartilage can solidify losing flexibility and restricting meniscus to perform its prime function.

If that happens smaller bits of meniscus can be surgically removed to restore its flexibility and relieve unpleasant symptoms. Also, more complex procedure is necessary if the affected area is too big to be trimmed. This type of knee surgery is called meniscus repair and it often produces positive sustainable results in the long run. It restores normal anatomy of the joint and completely relieves the pain.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

The reconstruction of the ACL is one of the most widespread knee surgery types. ACL tear is a prevalent injury in professional athletes and in people who like active sports. Oftentimes, the ligament doesn’t fully recover after a serious injury, which in turn greatly limits knee joint’s mobility and produces sharp pain when the joint is bent more than damaged ACL can withstand.

Luckily, ACL restoration is possible through a special arthroscopic procedure. Fractions of the ligament are put back together and after a certain period of time, the joint fully restores and restores its natural mobility. This surgery is very common and rarely produces any significant complications.

Certainly, there are other types of knee surgeries, e.g. microfracture, cartilage transfer, lateral release and many more. Only a surgeon can tell whether a particular surgery is necessary after in-depth diagnostics.

Submitted: November 29th, 2014 in category: Articles

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