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Knee Replacement Surgery: 10 Real-World Answers

4The fundamental truth about knee replacement surgery is that it’s a salvage therapy for all those people with stiff and painful knees, as a result of severe age osteoarthritis. Thus, when alternative treatments work no longer, this procedure may be the only solution, especially in case of traumas. Due to the recent advances and minimally invasive joint surgery, knee replacement has revolutionized the same as many other fields of modern medicine. So, specialized techniques and the least incision give the chance to any patient throughout the world, by offering them less pain, recovery time and scar tissue formation plus better motion. Currently, the joint replacement procedures are performed by a small percentage of professional orthopedic surgeons, because this is still relatively new approach comparing to traditional surgery. In a word, what really happens during and after joint arthroplasty?

Knee Replacement Surgery:

5 Key Stages

  • Once the patient is given professional surgical consultation and various pre-operative tests are done, he/she is ready for the operation. First of all, either general anesthesia (a person is temporarily put to sleep), or epidural/spinal anesthesia (they make a shot below the waist) is made.
  • Then the surgeon cuts the front of the patient’s knee (these are nearly 8-12-inches), and the damaged part of joint is removed from the bone surface.
  • Next, the surfaces are shaped, so as to hold a plastic or metal artificial joint. It is attached to the thigh bone, as well as shin and knee cap with a special material, for example, cement. Once the parts fit together, they form the joint and rely on the surrounding ligaments and muscles for support and function.
  • After the surgery, patients are able to stand and move in a day. At first, they may walk with parallel bars, but then with crutches, walking frames, or canes, until the knee supports full body weight. Usually, 3-5 days are enough for hospital stay after the knee replacement surgery.
  • Typically, the majority of people have got dramatic improvement in just 1 month, due to a new gliding surface constructed. Once the muscle strength is restored due to the physical therapy, people can enjoy most of the activities, except jumping and running, of course.

What Do You Really Need to Know about

Knee Arthroplasty?

5 Notables

1. The history of knee replacement surgery is the story of entire and continued innovation, so as to limit the problems of motion.

2. The pioneer of knee operation was Leslie Gordon Percival Shiers (1954), but he refused to patent the invention, having just demonstrated the surgery throughout the world.

3. The surgical procedure of replacing the weight-bearing surface of knee joint for relieving pain and disability is generally performed for the following reasons: arthritis, osteoarthritis, trauma, meniscus or ligament tears, and cartilage defects.

4. Knee surgery can be performed either as a total or a partial knee replacement. This operation should be considered in cases if conservative treatments are exhausted. Also, total knee replacement is a good option to correct the joint or bone traumas in young patients, as well as varus deformity or valgus.

5. Physical therapy improves the knee function greatly and thus, it may even prevent the need for replacement surgery.

Well, the knee replacement surgery is now introduced to many patients, because that’s an extremely effective procedure of these days and because your health really matters!

Submitted: November 29th, 2014 in category: Articles

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