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Arthroscopic Knee Surgery: Least Traumatic Answer to Joint Issues

6Arthroscopic knee surgery is an invasive measure commonly used to treat various knee injuries. It is often required to permanently relieve severe knee pain in some patients as well as to restore natural joint’s mobility. This type of surgery requires only several tiny incisions to insert a microscopic camera and a thin compact surgical instrument for remote operation, which makes it one of the least traumatic surgical interventions ever invented.

Modern technology allows impeccable precision thanks to high-definition video equipment and extremely accurate tools. Latest technological development greatly reduced the number of errors due to human factor and increased operation efficiency rates. Several millions of arthroscopic knee surgeries are performed worldwide each year, which makes arthroscopy the most common type of knee joint operations.

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery: Types of Operations

Arthroscopy allows doctors to get a very precise map of the inner part of the joint. This map is more accurate than any diagnostic method currently available. It also allows receiving live image of the knee during a surgery and helps spotting any ligament deficiencies and joint problems. As a result, surgeons are able to treat these issues with extreme precision that is impossible to achieve with other surgical methods.

Arthroscopic knee surgery is effectively utilized to address a number of common knee issues, including:

Meniscus Issues

Meniscus is a flexible tissue that ensures joints structural integrity. Unfortunately, meniscus can be easily damaged leading to decreased joint’s mobility. Thanks to arthroscopy parts of torn meniscal cartilage can be trimmed. Such surgery can restore much of the joint’s natural mobility and contribute to permanent pain relief in the majority of patients.

In case the affected area is too big, meniscus repair procedure may be necessary. It is a more complex intervention, but usually produces more sustainable results.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Issues

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common knee issues in many patients. They usually occur during sports or fitness workouts when the workload on the back of the knee is extremely high. Modern ACL restorations allow putting parts of the torn ligament back together to their natural position. The recovery period after the surgery is usually quite long, but it often allows the doctors to completely relieve the pain and restore joint’s mobility.

Inflamed Synovial Tissue Removal

Synovial tissue produces a special fluid, which lubricates knee joint. This tiny tissue can become inflamed causing an entire joint to swell. If that happens, a surgeon can schedule a surgery to remove this tissue altogether.

Other types of surgeries through arthroscopy include:

  • Articular cartilage transfer;
  • Lateral release;
  • Microfracture, etc.

The recovery times after any arthroscopic knee surgery is usually around six to eight weeks. After that period, the vast majority of patients is able to return to their daily activities without major limitations. However, high impact activities, such as sport and fitness, often must be avoided for a much longer period. The exact recovery schedule should be explicitly specified by your doctor.

Submitted: November 29th, 2014 in category: Articles

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